The Wage Differential between Men and Women in Public Administration in Israel—An Analysis Based on Cross-Sectional and Panel data

17/11/2010 |  Mazar Yuval, Michelson Noam
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Welfare Policy and Labor Market
The paper examines the wage gap between women and men in the public sector during their entire careers. An analysis of cross-sectional data shows that the women-men wage ratio decreases monotonically until age 50. An analysis of panel data indicates that the gap is due largely to the fact that as a whole, men joined the public sector, mainly at advanced age, entered positions having higher wages than those of women. On-the-job-promotion during the employees' careers was a relatively minor factor. No evidence was found that men who joined public sector received a different wage premium than women, given their salary in their previous place of employment. The increase of the wage gap as a function of employees' ages reflects a difference in their wages in their workplaces before joining public administration.
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