In this paper we assess the impact of fiscal policy on private consumption. We find that there is substitution between private and public consumption but that it is of very limited magnitude (approximately 20 percent). It was also found that, in contrast to the Ricardian approach, the method of financing of public expenditure has an effect on private consumption. Thus, an increase in the direct taxation of wages has a negative effect on consumption that is equal to the full amount of the tax increase while bond financing has a positive effect as long the increase in public debt is small.

The full article as a PDF file