The ability to get to work by public transit from various localities in Israel: Relative Accessibility Index
There are clear differences between the localities in Israel in terms of the possibility of getting to places of work by public transit relative to the possibility of getting there by private vehicle.
Segment from the forthcoming Selected Research Analyses:
- About 60 percent of workers in Israel are employed outside their residential locality. Of those, two-thirds get to work with their private vehicles, about 20 percent arrive by public transit, and about 10 percent arrive via organized transport provided by their employers.
- There are clear differences between the localities in Israel in terms of the possibility of getting to places of work by public transit relative to the possibility of getting there by private vehicle. An analysis of this variance in relative accessibility can help in the balanced development of infrastructure.
- The more distant residential localities are from the metropolitan areas, the less relative accessibility there is.
- In most localities in the periphery, and particularly in Arab localities, relative accessibility is low due to the limited supply of public transit. In the small Jewish localities in the periphery, accessibility is low, but the higher socioeconomic level may show that, taking into account the level of public transit that can be provided to them, the low accessibility is due to residents’ preference to use private vehicles. In ultra-Orthodox cities and localities, accessibility is relatively high.
- In most localities with a low socioeconomic background, particularly in the Arab sector, relative accessibility is low and is accompanied by organized transport provided by employers. This transport is efficient since it can traverse long distances in a given time. However, in the absence of alternatives, residents become dependent on them, which decreases employment opportunities available to the residents, and makes them dependent on few employers.