To the full Forcast


This document presents the macroeconomic staff forecast formulated by the Bank of Israel Research Department in April 2024[1] concerning the main macroeconomic variables—GDP, inflation, and the interest rate. Similar to the January forecast, this forecast was formulated under the assumption that the Swords of Iron War’s direct impact on the economy reached its peak in the fourth quarter of 2023, and that it will continue until the end of 2024 with decreasing intensity. For 2025, the forecast assumes that the war will have no additional significant direct impact.  In addition, we assume that for the most part, the war will continue to be restricted to Gaza. The forecast naturally features a particularly high level of uncertainty, partly with regard to the duration and nature of the war in Gaza, its implications following its conclusion, and the potential worsening of the situation on the northern front and in other areas.


According to the forecast, GDP is expected to grow by 2 percent in 2024 and by 5 percent in 2025—the same as in our assessment in the January forecast.  The inflation rate in the coming four quarters (ending in the first quarter of 2025) 2024 is expected to be 2.8 percent.  Inflation in 2024 is expected to be 2.7 percent (compared with 2.4 percent in the January forecast), and in 2025 it is expected to be 2.3 percent (compared with 2.0 percent in the January forecast). The interest rate in the first quarter of 2025 is expected to be 3.75 percent.


The forecast

 The Bank of Israel Research Department compiles a staff forecast of macroeconomic developments based on several models, various data sources, and assessments based on economists’ judgment. The Bank’s DSGE (Dynamic Stochastic General Equilibrium) model—a structural model developed in the Research Department and based on microeconomic foundations—plays a prime role in formulating the macroeconomic forecast.[2] The model provides a framework for analyzing the forces that have an effect on the economy, and allows information from various sources to be combined into a macroeconomic forecast of real and nominal variables, with an internally consistent “economic story”.


In order to formulate estimates of the economic impact of the war, special emphasis was placed on an analysis of real-time data that show the scope of the impact and the pace of recovery of the output of various industries and uses, as well as on an analysis of past confrontations.  In addition to the use of the DSGE model, we used industry-level assessments of the volume of the supply-side impact derived partly from the lack of workers during the war period and the security restrictions on activity. On the demand side, data obtained so far were analyzed in order to assess the impact on the various uses, and in order to assess the pace of their recovery so far.  The results were integrated into a full forecast of the sources and uses, which contributed to the formulation of the forecast presented herein.



[1]  The forecast was presented to the Bank of Israel Monetary Committee on April 7, 2024, prior to the decision on the interest rate made on April 8, 2024.

[2] An explanation of the macroeconomic forecasts formulated by the bank of Israel Research Department, as well as a review of the models on which they are based, appear in the Bank of Israel’s Inflation Report 31 (second quarter of 2010), Section 3c. A Discussion Paper on the DSGE model is available on the Bank of Israel website, under the title: “MOISE: A DSGE Model for the Israeli Economy,” Discussion Paper No. 2012.06.